MDGs Progress and the macroeconomic state of Rwanda, 2012
Since 2007, The Government of Rwanda has made achieving the MDGs fundamental to its policy framework. As the EDPRS 2008-2012 is coming to an end, in February 2012, in a ceremony to evaluate the progress made by the implementation of EDPRS I, the government launched EDPRS II, which will run from 2013 to 2017.
One of the highly noted progress made by Rwanda since the implementation of EDPRS I is the fact that poverty rate has dropped almost 12% in five years, from 56.7% in 2006 to 44.9% in 2011 (NISR).This progress has been attainable partly because the government empowers every citizen to take the lead in their own community’s development.
The other reasons to the poverty rate decrease are that there has been notable improvement in agricultural production and national infrastructure; the slowing of the population growth; and an increase in non-farm wages and income transfers.The Government of Rwanda is very optimistic that by 2015, a number of MDG targets would have been achieved. Net primary school attendance has gone up from 86.6% in 2005-2006 to 91.7% in 2010-2011, boosted by the 9 years free basic education implemented by the Government of Rwanda since 2010.Because of this progress, the government has implemented the 12-year basic education program in February 2012, to augment net secondary school attendance which grew from 10.4% in 2005-2006 to 20.9% in 2010-2011.
Nationwide, the rate of the population with access to safe drinking water was 74.2% in 2010-2011; however the population who had electricity for lighting was only 10.8% in 2010-2011. Nationwide, the rate of the population with access to safe drinking water was 74.2% in 2010-2011; however the population who had electricity for lighting was only 10.8% in 2010-2011.
Maternal health has also considerably improved: the percentage of delivery assisted by skilled provider has raised from 39% in 2005 to 69% in 2010; delivery in a health facility went from 30% in 2005 to 69% in 2010; consequently maternal mortality has dropped drastically from 1071 deaths per year in 2000 to 487 in 2010. Contraceptive use has also grown from 10% in 2000 to 45% in 2010-2011. In terms of children health, the percentage of children aged 12-23 who are vaccinated has grown up to 90% in 2010 from 75% in 2005. Under-5 mortality has also dropped from 152 deaths per year in 2005 to 76 in 2010.
HIV prevalence rate has been stable at 3% since 2005, and HIV prevalence rate was 1% for the 15-24 years age group.
According to the National Bank of Rwanda, economy grew 8.8% in 2011, and it is projected to grow 7.6% in 2012. Inflation rate was 8.3 % in December 2011, and is expected not to exceed 7.5% in 2012 despite a weak global economy.
In 2011, the industry sector was the best performer, collecting 15% growth in total, with 22.3% growth in the construction sector, 15% growth in the mining sector, and 6.8% in manufacturing. The agricultural sector was also noted among the best performers in 2011, with 9.5% growth during the last three years. The services sector grew 7.2% boosted by a gradually favorable business environment: finance and insurance grew 10.3%; transport and communications grew 5.6%; and wholesale and retail trade grew 4.9%.