The MDGs can be achieved in Rwanda, says the National Human Development ReportJul 26, 2007
Eight years before the 2015 benchmark set for the Millennium Development Goals, Rwanda has embarked on a long term vision that is aligned with the Millennium Development Goals. The 2007 National Human Development Report (NHDR) entitled “Turning Vision 2020 into Reality. From Recovery to Sustainable Human Development” launched today examines some of the most pressing development concerns facing the country and the challenges to meet both the MDGs and the Vision 2020.
Rwanda is currently at the cross-roads in its development process. After a successful transition from emergency to stabilization and recovery, the country is currently embarking on a long term development vision, which constitutes a perfect example of a localized MDG- based development strategy. The Vision 2020 wants Rwanda to become a medium income economy by 2020.
The report states that achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Rwanda is possible, even with reasonable assumptions on economic growth and development assistance. It reveals that Rwanda presents all the necessary fundamental attributes to showcase the potential of the Millennium Declaration. Rwanda’s experience shows that even war-ravaged least developed countries can make progress towards achieving sustainable long-term development.
However, achieving the MDGs in Rwanda will require a fundamental rethink of the structure of development assistance. The country already receives more foreign aid than most African countries, at US$55 per capita, yet the impact of this aid on poverty reduction and economic growth is still insufficient, states the report. If Rwanda is to achieve the MDGs and Vision
2020, then “business as usual” must be replaced by a bold new partnership for development
which is based on the principle of mutual accountability.
“What is particularly encouraging about the report is its conclusion that the challenges can be overcome through a targeted public investment policy that addresses the above-mentioned bottlenecks, and that the cost of doing this is not prohibitive”, says Moustapha Soumaré, UNDP Resident Representative and UN Resident Coordinator.
The Report reveals that Rwanda’s high growth rates hide large and growing inequalities between social classes, geographic regions and gender. These disparities cut across all sectors and undermine Rwanda’s progress towards the MDGs in all areas from health to education and even poverty reduction.
The average Rwandan farmer currently uses only 4kg of fertilizers per hectare of land. This is
10 times less than the minimum required to achieve MDG 1 of eradicating extreme poverty and hanger and almost 100 times less than the levels reached in some industrialized countries. To reverse the trend, in absolute terms, Rwanda needs to invest at least US$15 per capita to bring agricultural productivity up to the minimum standards required to achieve the MDGs.
Naussica Habimana Kantengwa
Phone : +250 252 590423