Consolidated Waste Management Project in Rwanda

What the project was about

Every day, more than 100 ton of waste is brought to the landfill site in Kigali, located in Nyanza. At present, it is the only facility in Kigali that is dealing with collected solid waste. However, due to lack of proper facility and treatment skills, the gathered waste is just discarded to the site and the accumulation is creating new hills of waste. As a result, there are issues such as bad odour and methane gas explosions, and risks of garbage landslides, groundwater pollution, etc. Additionally, the current population of one million in Kigali City is expected to expand to three million in the near future, and the present facility does not have enough capacity to deal with the tripled amount of waste.

This is the reason why Kigali City asked UNDP Rwanda on technical and financial supports to improve the landfill facility and its maintenance techniques. As Rwanda does not yet have a comprehensive Waste Management Framework and not always conducting proper waste management practices, this project aims to develop the framework and relating infrastructure to make the waste management socially and environmentally more sustainable.

More specifically, the project implemented the following four components:

  • Conducting a feasibility study on Fukuoka Method for the current Kigali Landfill Facility
  • Supporting IRST to produce high quality combustible briquettes for contribution to both reduction of organic waste discharge to landfill sites and avoidance of in-house air pollution
  • Establishing waste management national and local action plans in addition to creating institutional framework to make it possible for all the stakeholders to get and work together
  • Constructing improved Kigali Landfill Facility.

Project Impacts:

The project has had positive impacts on the waste management sector in Rwanda since the Nyanza landfill was improved. So far, no fire accident has been experienced in the dumpsite since the implementation of Fukuoka methods as was recommended by feasibility study. Capacity in the waste management domain was also strengthened through training and public awareness for both technician and residents of the city of Kigali. People working in the waste sector were trained on sustainable sorting, transporting, recycling of solids waste and a forum was formed to help organize them.

The project has also helped the City of Kigali in revenue collection from waste generators. Jobs were also created for the local people who are involved in waste collection. In order to improve on waste management costs, the price for waste collection has been set based on the amount of waste dumped. The project has also helped to accelerate recycling efforts which has created jobs and increased revenue collection from recyclers.

Project best practices:

  • Capacity building and knowledge transfer for waste practitioner to improve/ increase their awareness in waste management;
  • Appropriate technology application by implementation of  recommendations from Fukuoka Methods after its feasibility study to Nyanza;
  • Involvement  of CSOs in solid waste management project;
  • Linkage between the project objective and the government development agenda on environment and natural resources management as well as community involvement in the development process.


  • A feasibility study on the Fukuoka method (from Japan) has been conducted to improve the daily maintenance of the landfill located in Nyanza, used until early 2012;
  • A detailed design of a new sanitary landfill with recycling facilities has been completed for the City of Kigali. The Environmental Impact Assessment has also been conducted;
  • Through different stakeholders meetings, workshops and sensitization programs, public awareness in proper solid waste management has been raised.

Who finances it

Donor name Contribution amount
UNDP USD 3,000,000
ONE UN USD    550,000

Total expenditures

Expenditure(Year) Amount
2013 USD 337 701
2012 USD 854474
2011 USD 341,355.44
2010 USD 352,607
2009 USD   48,129

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